The land Tribunal was established by an order under section 40 of the tribal land act on the 22 September 1995. It officially commenced operation on the 13 October 1997. There was only one tribunal then operating from Gaborone. In April 2005 the land tribunal expanded by setting up another branch in Palapye. The land tribunal was established to hear and determine appeals emanating from decisions of the land boards in Botswana on issues of tribal land.
The land tribunal's principles are;
Vision: We the land tribunal will promote fair adjudication of tribal land disputes and appeals.
Mission: We the land tribunal exist to promptly and justly adjudicate on tribal land disputes and appeals to the satisfaction of our customers.
Values: Teamwork, Transparency, Accountability, Integrity, Botho, Excellence.